HOW WE ACQUIRE OUR DATA
In almost all circumstances when conducting a market and cost approach analysis related to physician compensation valuation (as is the most common of the three approaches), HealthCare Appraisers considers data from all major physician compensation surveys, including without limitation, the following sources:
|Medical Group Management Association (“MGMA”)||Hospital & Healthcare Compensation Service (“HCS”)|
|Sullivan, Cotter and Associates, Inc. (“SCA”)||American Medical Group Association (“AMGA”)|
|Towers Watson (“TW”)||Integrated Healthcare Strategies (“IHS”)|
|Association of American Medical Colleges (“AAMC”)|
We seek to find relevant data from these surveys to establish reasonable compensation based upon a comparable level of qualifications for the providing physician(s) and, whenever possible, a relative level of production. Our market approach analyses begin with an examination of national data, with further consideration of available regional, sub-regional, and state data based on the facts and circumstances surrounding the particular engagement. Additionally, if it is appropriate and available, we also consider ordering custom data sets from survey publishers.
Healthcare Specific methodology
As required by Stark regulations, any market data used to establish fair market value must represent arm’s-length transactions, between parties who are not otherwise in a position to refer business to one another. As a result, while we consider all data for purposes of understanding the general nature of the marketplace, we typically do not rely on specific transactions between physician and hospitals or health systems in establishing market-based compensation.
With recognition that there is variability in the data, HealthCare Appraisers has generally chosen to rely upon a weighted average blend of three to five of these surveys. As a healthcare-focused organization, we have access to both internal and external data specific to physician compensation relationships that might be unavailable or too costly to obtain for a general valuation firm that does not routinely perform healthcare valuations.
HealthCare Appraisers individually evaluates the FMV of each distinct compensation element provided under a health care professional’s compensation arrangement (e.g., clinical services, administrative services, teaching services, physician benefits, overhead expenses, etc.) utilizing data and techniques appropriate to each unique service provided. Our analyses of clinical services compensation usually rely on productivity-based techniques, using both work relative value units (RVUs) and professional collections, performed at the specialty/division, as well as the group, level. Additional nonproduction-based analyses may be performed related to hospital-based specialties (e.g., hospitalists, intensivists, and laborists) or newly-hired physicians with salary guarantees since productivity is not generally reflective of FMV compensation for these types of healthcare providers.
Compensation For Administrative Services
Our team of experts determines FMV payment for administrative services utilizing survey data specific to physician administrative services and an examination of both the services provided and the qualifications of the provider. HealthCare Appraisers’ analyses of pass-through items such as physician benefits and overhead expenses are based on survey data specific to the types of compensation provided under the physician compensation agreement and may be evaluated at the specialty/division and/or group level. We do not utilize any predefined compensation benchmarks in any of these analyses.
Conversely, we evaluate the facts and circumstances of the services provided under the particular health provider’s compensation arrangement to determine the appropriate reference benchmarks. Such benchmarks may well differ from specialty to specialty, as well as between the types of services provided (e.g., the benchmarks selected for determination of the fair market value (FMV) of administrative compensation might be different from those used to evaluate FMV compensation for clinical services).